Work Camp 10030 GW, Lavamund

The following pictures of the dam at Lavamund were taken by Peter Linowitz in 2001.

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Known to be present

Forename
Surname
Rank
Unit
POW
Comments
Dave Abel Pte   745 Hunterville, NZ; cook
Adam Lancelot Adamson Pte H.Q. 6 Div. 534 Australia
J. Anderson       Lanarkshire, Scotland
Edwin Atkinson Sgt RA Camp Leader
S. Ayers       Dunedin, NZ
V.W. Balls Sgmn R Sigs 455  
Wally Barber Pte   139 New Zealand
Leslie Barnett Gnr RA 5021 Hut 1/6
Arthur Arnold Bastable Gnr RA 761 Derbyshire, England
A.L. Birchmore Sgmn R Sigs 279 Hut 1/6
A.V. Blakeway Spr   185 New Zealand
F. Boardman       Sydney, Australia
Alfred George Bonner Gnr RA 510 London
C. Brown       Thames, NZ
William (Bill) Brown        
Cyril Frederick Burborough Dvr RASC 3454  
Burgess        
John Edward Laws Burns Gnr RA 360  
R.L. Campbell Gnr RA 425 Bishop Auckland, UK
G.P. Cavanagh Spr   223 New Zealand
F.P. Chitty Spr 6 Fld. Coy. 244 Gisbourne, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C
Louis Paul Davidson Churton Pte   765 New Zealand
L.R. Clarke       Auckland, NZ
R.E. Close Sgmn R Sigs 74 Wellingborough, UK
A.S. Cox Dvr R Sigs 104 Cambridge, UK
R. Cragen Gnr RA 515 Bolton, Uk
Sam Crone Pte   572 Taranaki, NZ
E. Cross Gnr RA 632 Burnley, England
N.E. Davey Tpr RAC 947 Hut 1/6
Thomas Edmund Davies Pte 19 Bn. 275 Taihape, NZ; Hut 1/6
Dave Dawson Spr   159 New Zealand
Bertie Daysh Pte   92 NZ
R.J. Diver Dvr RASC 288  
H.J.R. Dixon Sgt R Sigs 668 Hut 1/6
Dixon       Bristol, England
Ralph John William Dolphin Dvr   73 NZ; repat'd?
Robert Dickson Douglas Gnr RA 787 Barnsley; also 10029/GW
Andy Dunlop Pte   431 New Plymouth, NZ
Peter J.J. Eruera Pte   685 N. Auckland, NZ
James Fall L/Cpl R Sigs 444 Hut 1/6
J.E. (Ted) Fearon Tpr Div. Cav. 194 Taranaki, NZ
K.R. Fergusson Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 797 Melbourne, Australia
? Finnerty       Waikino, NZ
George F. Firth Gnr RA 1107  
Frederick Fisher Gnr RA 783 London
J. C. Fletcher Pte   825 Dunedin, NZ
Hec Forbes Pte   392 Taranaki, NZ
Nelson French Rfmn   191 Te Kuiti, NZ
Patrick Fury Cpl RAC 1284 Hut 1/6
R. S. Galbraith Pte   254 Wellington, NZ
T.H.de F. Garland Gnr   227 New Zealand
F. Garnett Dvr R Sigs 231 York
Doug A Gayton Pte   501 New Plymouth, NZ
C.R Gingell Gnr RA 502 Cornwall
Desmond Joseph (Jock) Goodley Pte   89 Gisbourne, NZ
George Kenneth Gray Sgt R Sigs 351  
R.H. Gredig Pte   772 New Plymouth, NZ
Charles Thomas Green Pte   249 NZ; died 9.12.41
Albert D. Griffiths Dvr RASC 1740 Cardiff, Wales
T.H. Gunn Dvr R Sigs 298 Stoke, UK
H. Hadman Tpr RAC 1149 Harrow, UK
P.J.J. Hakaraia Pte   322 Otaki, NZ; Hut 1/6
Ted Hatchett Gnr RA 415  
John Heaps Sgmn R Sigs 106  
G. Hearn Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 295 Innisfail, Australia
Alf Hedges Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 344 Australia; killed 14.3.45
S. Hemi Pte   4327 Auckland, NZ
Michael Hennessy Pte 2/4 Inf. Bn. 782 Australia; Hut 1/6
Donald Henry Pte   505 Whangarei, NZ
R. Hewings Sgmn R Sigs 646 Cardiff, Wales
J. Holloway Pte RAVC 88  
L.F. Homes Pte   183 Hut 1/6
Don Hourigan Dvr   384 Auckland, NZ
C.F. Hughes Pte   339 Taranaki, NZ
Lofty Hunt       Cook
C. Hunter       Durham, England
L.K. Inder Pte   786 Blenheim, NZ
A James Tpr RAC 975 Hut 1/6
H.N. Jessop Pte   872 New Zealand
R. Johnson       London
Wally Julian Pte   173 Taranaki, NZ
Peter Kaye     45  
A.J. Keenan Pte   842 Te Awamutu, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C
S.C. Kerr Pte 2/7 Inf. Bn. 406 Melbourne, Australia
Kinnerty        
William Henry (Billy) Lakin Gnr RA 562 Clitheroe
J. Lawson       Liverpool, England
T. Leaver Pte B&H 603 London (possible)
D.G. Lee Dvr   103 Auckland, NZ
Gordon W. Leigh Sgt   893 Whangarei, NZ; also Flachau
Lance Lethbridge Pte   280 Taranaki, NZ
William Lewis       South Wales
J.C.S. Logie Pte   320 Dunedin, NZ
J.P. Manson Dvr R Sigs 982 Hut 1/6
G.F. Marshall Gnr RA 443 London; transf'd to Stalag 17A
C Matthews       Hut 1/6
W. Matthews       Birmingham, UK
Paul T. Maurirere Pte   503 Talaga Bay, NZ; Hut 1/6
Keith McDonald Pte   592 Taranaki, NZ
J. McGee       Glasgow, Scotland
C.J. McHardy Pte   324 Taihape, NZ; Hut 1/6
Andrew D. McIntosh Sgmn R Sigs 706 Paisley, Scotland
D. McKenzie       NZ
K.K. Miller Gnr RA 388 could be 338
W. Miller     385  
Garnett William Moir Pte 20 Bn. 560 Invercargill, NZ
Frank Henry Charles Morris Sgmn R Sigs 551 Northampton; Frantschach (possible)
J. Nathan Pte   85 Hokianga, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C
A.W. Nutting Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 174 Meanden, Tasmania
Geoffrey James Oakes Gnr RA 277  
John Oakes        
F. (Jock) Oates Pte RAVC 105 Fife, Scotland; cook
R. Oldham L/Bdr   833 Napier, NZ
Thomas Paraone Pte   462 Ruatoria, NZ; Hut 1/6
G. Park       Wanganui, NZ
G.M. Partridge Gnr RA 218 London
Lesley Albert Pearce Sgmn R Sigs 64 Woodhouse, UK
Stanley Albert Peters Pte   60 Wyndham, NZ; capt'd Corinth; dental unit,18A
W.H. Putland Gnr   380 New Zealand
C.T.V. Puttick Gnr   91 Auckland, NZ
Norman Edward Rackham Pte   331 Paeroa, NZ
A. Racklow       King Country, NZ
Robert M. (Bob) Rae Pte   224 Taihape, NZ
Robert Leslie Raw Sgmn R Sigs 293  
A.F. Reasebeck Gnr RA 461  
J.C. Reedy       NZ
Melita Joseph (Joe) Riddell Sgmn NZ Sigs   Te Aroha, NZ; died 12.12.44
Gordon G Rigby Pte   258 New Zealand; transf'd to Stalag 317
Derek H. Riggir Pte   477 Tauranga, NZ
D.C. Roberton Pte   66 New Zealand
Laurie Robertson       Leeds
J. Robson       Newcastle, England
Norman Rockham     331  
J. Sergeant     789 Opotiki, NZ; could be 189
Jack W. Sidaway Pte   536 Marlborough, NZ
A.J. Smith     795  
J.H. Smithwick Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 502 Sydney, Australia
J.B. Spencer Pte   178 Christchurch, NZ
T.B. Stephens Gnr RA 482 Manchester
Ken Stevens Pte   908 Gisbourne, NZ
R.P. Stevens L/Bdr RA 459 Cornwall
J Stevenson Spr   896 New Zealand
H. Stevenson       Hamilton, NZ
G. Stoney Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 330 Geelong, Australia
Phil Summers       Hut 1/6
J. Tapping Pte 2/11 Inf. Bn. 5340 Perth, Australia
P Teasdale Pte RASC 986  
A.E. Thompson Pte   858 Christchurch, NZ
R.T. Thomson Sgt   213 Nelson, NZ
David R Thurlow Cpl   860 New Zealand
R.S. Todd Pte   283 Raetihi, NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C
William Toner Spr   233 NZ; transf'd to Stalag 18C
W. Townsend       Gloucester, England
Leonard Raymond Verrall Pte   263 Auckland, NZ
Denys Henry Vette Dvr 4 RMT 723 NZ
Joe Wadsworth       Taranaki, NZ
S. Ward       Hastings, UK
R Warren Capt SAMC   MO
Jack R. Webb Spr   184 Auckland, NZ; also 1203/L
R.S. Whale Cpl   315 New Zealand; transf'd to Stal 383
J.R. White Pte HQ 6 Div. AASC 96 Australia
George Steven White Spr   865 Nelson, NZ
J.R. White Pte H.Q. 6 Div. AASC 96 Sydney, Australia
E.G. (Taffy) Williams Spr   780 NZ
Nigel Williams       London
David Frew Wood Capt RAMC   Glasgow, Scotland; killed in air-raid 18.12.44
S. Wood       Hawkes Bay, NZ

The following people have kindly donated pictures and information relating to the Work Camp at Lavamund:

Dave Dolphin, son of Dvr Bill Dolphin, 2NZEF.
Tony Barratt, son-in-law of Dvr Albert Griffiths, RASC.
Steve Currie, grandson of Spr George White, 2NZEF.
Brent Robinson, son of Gnr William Robinson, RA.
Anne Moir, daughter of Pte Garnet Moir, 20th Bn., 2NZEF.
Ian Raw, son of Sgmn Robert Raw, R Sigs.
Linda Winter, daughter of Sgmn Frank Morris, R Sigs,
Pauline van Kampen, daughter of Pte Len Verrall, 2NZEF,
Mike De Vere, son of Sgmn Arthur De Vere, R Sigs.
David Fall, son of L/Cpl James Fall, R Sigs
Sue Courtney, daughter of Pte Paul Churton, 18th Bn., 2NZEF
Wendy Gouveia, grand-daughter of Pte Dick Horan, NZMC
Peter Burborough, grandson of Dvr Cyril Burborough, RASC.
Janet Tyne, daughter of Billy Lakin, RA.

Lavamund and Schwabeck

Strictly speaking, the 'dam' at Lavamund is a Hydroelectric Power Station. The photographs that I have collected showing wartime construction seem to indicate that the POWs worked on two separate Power Stations: first at Schwabeck (sometimes called Schwabegg) and then a few kilometres downstream at Lavamund. These two Power Stations still exist. The pictures at the top of this page are of Lavamund.

Lavamund Schwabeck

Construction at Lavamund

Construction at Schwabeck

   

Lavamund Camp

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Camp view Camp view Camp view Camp view
   
Camp view Camp view    
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Large group Large group (No3) Large group (No4) Large group (No5)
   
Large group (No6) Large group (No8)  Large group (No9)  Large group
 
Large group  Small group Large group Australian group
Frank Morris group Len Verrall group Verrall & Williams group Garnet Moir group
Paul Churton group Alf Hedges group James Fall group Robert Dickson group
       
 Adam Adamson group Billy Lakin group     
       
Hut group 1  Hut group 2   Hut group 3  Hut group 4
       
Hut group 5  Hut group 6  Hut group 7   
       
   Cyril Burborough group  Small group at work Mechanical shovel at work 
       
 Christmas group Paul Churton group  "The Old Gang Line-up" Williams, Robertson, Raw 
       
Snowball fight  Group in snow    Magazine Party, July 1942 Camp Notice Board  

Brent Robinson has sent most of the following pictures, brought back by his father, Gnr William Robinson, RA, who survived Dunkirk only to be captured in Greece. The Christmas Carols Programme is certainly from Lavamund. The other pictures are most likely from there. The last two pictures, of the rugby teams were provided by Anne Moir.

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Christmas Carols Choir names Choir names Melody Makers
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English 7-a-side Scottish Soccer Team Scottish 7-a-side Musicians
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Soccer team, 1943 Soccer team Group, 1943 Boxers
   
Rugby team Rugby team Soccer team   

Anne Moir has sent the following set of pictures of Football and Rugby teams taken at Lavamund. Most of the photos have the names of the players underneath.

Winners, March 1943 Runners-up, Spring 1943 Third Team Fourth Team
Lavamund Camp Soccer XI Lavamund Camp Rugby XI Newspaper cutting Newspaper cutting
Rugby at Whit, 1943     Camp Cooks

Return to Lavamund

In 1976, ex-POW Garnet Moir from New Zealand, visited the scene of his wartime captivity with his wife and daughter. As luck would have it, the taxi-driver they hired in Klagenfurt spoke good English and interpreted for Garnet when he toured the Lavamund dam and met a local man who had been a guard at the POW camp.

Garnet Moir in Lavamund High Street On Lavamund Dam, with wife, daughter Anne and Dam worker With ex-Camp Guard

Red Cross Report

Date of visit: 25 October 1941

Location: Lavamund

Camp Leader: Sgt. E Atkinson

Doctor: Captain Thomas I V Ferguson

Strength: 454 British (209 English, 178 New Zealanders, 52 Australians, 1 Canadian, 1 Irishman (the doctor)) 85 new prisoners expected to arrive the next day.

Situation: This Labour Detachment is situated on a level with a large barrage in course of construction, and on which the prisoners are working. The camp itself is some distance from the works and consists of a series of hutments, similar to those which are occupied by the German, Slovene and Croatian civilian workers, whose camp adjoins that of the prisoners.

Quarters: The prisoners live in three wooden hutments, simple but sufficiently comfortable. They are well aired and well lit and easily heated by stoves. The men are housed in 16 large rooms, each holding 28 men. The double tiered wooden bunks have a palliasse and one blanket per man. In each room there is a wooden table and some stools. Smaller hutments are reserved for stores, canteen, shower and toilet rooms, kitchen, etc.

Food: The prisoners have the rations due to those who do heavy work and told us that they were sufficiently well fed, especially since the British Red Cross parcels have started arriving regularly. On the other hand the quality of the provisions is not to the taste of the British prisoners, but five prisoners are now working in the kitchen and will in future have every facility for preparing the food to their liking. In addtion a field kitchen in the courtyard and the stoves in the rooms allow the prisoners to prepare the food received in their Red Cross parcels. Each man receives 350g of bread a day.

Clothing: The state of clothing is unsatisfactory. The majority of the prisoners are wearing French uniforms, often of extremely poor quality. These uniforms wear out very rapidly. As the prisoners work in all weathers, it is difficult to dry them and sickness due to chills is frequent in the Camp. The prisoners have no change of underlinen and the majority of them have no socks. Their shoes are in a lamentable condition.

Luckily we saw the advice of the arrival of an important consignment of clothing from Stalag XVIIIA, which will permit of the re-equipment of a large number of prisoners. We also asked the officer who accompanied us, who was attached to Stalag XVIIIA, that all the British prisoners in the Labour Detachments should be provided with two sets of underclothing and two uniforms, especially in the winter. There are actually very large stocks of underwear and uniforms in the Camp stores, some of which came from the British Red Cross.

Work: The prisoners work on the neighbouring barrage. They work as labourers, carpenters and embankment builders, many of them being specialists. The men work in day and night shifts and each do 10 hours actual work a day. The work is very heavy. All the prisoners have 24 hours rest a week.

Pay: The basic rate is 70 pfennigs a day. In addition certain specialists or good workers receive bonuses which can double their pay. Overtime is not paid.

Canteen: The usual toilet articles can be bought; sometimes there is beer and 120 French cigarettes per man per month for the sum of 3 RM.

Hygiene: There is a hutment for toilet purposes, with taps and showers, which allows the prisoners hot and cold water for their daily ablutions. On the other hand the latrines are far too small and not at all hygienic. Their enlargement has already been undertaken and it is to be hoped that the actual work will begin shortly.

Infirmary: This comprises 26 double tier beds, all provided with a pillow, and a cotton foot-covering keeps the blanket on. There are many patients, due to the very bad clothing conditions. We saw several patients suffering from chills, rheumatism, bronchitis, etc. There are also several cases of accident of all kinds while at work. Simple cases are kept in the Infirmary and the others are sent to the Lazaret at Stalag XVIIIA or to the civil hospital in the town. The Camp, however, being some distance from any place of any size, it is impossible to see how transport could be effected in case of emergency. We were told that it was impossible to get an ambulance. Some solution should be sought while there is yet time. Up to date there has been one fatal accident, and two very serious falls causing cerebral disturbance.

A British doctor, assisted by 3 medical orderlies, is attached permanently to the Camp, and a German civilian doctor visits the Infirmary 3 times a week.

Intellectual and moral assistance: The prisoners have no means of amusing themselves, apart from some musical instruments which they have been able to buy. They have not received a single book and they have no games. They go to play football outside the camp on Sundays. The prisoners would very much like to have a room for recreation and reading, as at present they have no Common Room.

There is no Catholic religious service and the Roman Catholics would be happy if the French priest from Stalag XVIIIA could visit them once a month. The Camp Leader acts as chaplain to the Protestants.

Mails: All the prisoners write two letters and 4 cards per month and the members of the medical staff twice as many. Nearly all the English have received news from their families, although the New Zealanders and the Australians have not yet received any.

The collective consignments of food from the British Red Cross have arrived at the Camp and each man receives one per week. These parcels are greatly appreciated by the prisoners.

Conversation with the Camp Leader and the Doctor: We talked with them for a long time, without witnesses. The prisoners are satisfied with the camp on the whole, and good relations exist with the NCO's in charge of the Camp Guard. In addition to the chief desires expressed in the report above, the following desires were raised:

The doctor would like a small outfit for urgent surgical cases.

The Camp Leader would be glad to have a copy of the Geneva Convention in English.

The prisoners protest strongly against the manner in which they were transported from Greece to Germany. They were 5 days in the train, locked in cattle trucks, the floors of which were covered with the evacuations of prisoners suffering from dysentery. They had practically nothing to eat and drink. Many of the prisoners are still suffering from the effects of this journey. One of them died of this dysentery a few days after his arrival at Stalag XVIIIA.




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